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Soil Reclamation of Abandoned Mine Land by …

Mining of mineral resources results in extensive soil damage, altering microbial communities and affecting vegetation leading to destruction of vast amounts of land. Reclamation is the process to restore the ecological integrity of these disturbed mine land areas. It includes the management of all types of physical, chemical and biological ...

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Effect of Mining Activities on Vegetation Composition and ...

Unanaonwi O E, Amonum J I."Effect of Mining Activities on Vegetation Composition and nutrient status of Forest Soil in Benue Cement Company, Benue State, Nigeria", International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology,vol.2,no. 1, pp.297-305,2017. Bibtex @article { unanaonwioe2017effect,

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EFFECTS OF MINING - ismenvis.nic.in

vegetation is cleared in order to build the mining facility and laying roads. Several ... chemical composition of the soil also changes in the mining area. It becomes a desert-like ... Poly-metallic base metal ores like those of copper, lead zinc, silver & gold as well as separate deposits of gold. 4. Bauxite & Lithomarge 5.

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(PDF) Diversity, structure and composition of vegetation ...

Yuningsih L, Hearmansyah, Ibrahim E, Marsi. 2021. Diversity, structure and composition of vegetation in post-coal mining reclamation area in Sumatra, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 22: 3392-3400. The majority of coal mines are operated through an open-pit

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Diversity, structure and composition of vegetation in post ...

Abstract. Yuningsih L, Hearmansyah, Ibrahim E, Marsi. 2021. Diversity, structure and composition of vegetation in post-coal mining reclamation area in Sumatra, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 22: 3392-3400. The majority of coal mines are operated through an open-pit system which has a significant impact on the environment. Therefore, reclamation and revegetation activities are required to …

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Effect of Mining Activities on Vegetation Composition and ...

— Mining is essential in the economic development plan of any country endowed with mineral resources. This is due to both internal and external economic benefits that are made available to countries that are involved in the extraction of mineral

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Impacts of mine dump pollution on plant species diversity ...

Vegetation structure, species richness, composition and diversity were compared between polluted and control sites. Concentrations of arsenic, chromium, copper, lead and zinc in soils were significantly higher closer to a 99-year-old mine dump than in a control site and exceeded internationally recommended guidelines by as high as 11 times.

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Changes in diversity and composition of rhizosphere ...

With natural recovery, the plant rhizosphere bacteria in the mining area reduced the toxic effects of heavy metal on plant roots through their accumulation and transformation (Mishra, Singh & Arora., 2017), resulting in the improvement of plant survival conditions and the change of vegetation types, and then changing the composition and ...

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Groundwater controls on vegetation composition and ...

1. Introduction [2] Many mountain ranges, such as those of the American Cordillera, are characterized by wet winters and dry summers, which lead to ecosystems that depend on snowmelt and groundwater to provide moisture through the growing season. Riparian meadows in this environment are groundwater-dependent ecosystems [Allen-Diaz, 1991].Water table depth …

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Effect of coal mining on vegetation disturbance and ...

Vegetation is an important part of the environment but may be subjected to disturbance in areas close to coal mines. This results in a slowing of the rate of biomass growth, which is caused by fading of vegetation. Simultaneously, carbon stored in vegetation is constantly released, weakening vegetation ability to act as a carbon sink. Indirect release of carbon …

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Vegetation of reclaimed and spontaneously vegetated Zn …

In 2004, soil properties and the species composition of vascular plants and lichens were studied at five sites in a former zinc and lead mining region (Olkusz region, southern Poland). The sampled sites, four reclaimed by planting trees differed in age (5, 15, 30, 35 years old), and one spontaneously vegetated (100 years old).

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Vegetation community composition in wetlands created ...

The application of OSPW/FFT in created wetlands will likely lead to initial vegetation composition atypical of natural regional wetlands. For the objective of reclaiming vegetation composition to the status of natural regional wetlands, unamended wetlands were the best reclamation option, based on the physical and chemical parameters measured.

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VEGETATION AND SOIL FACTORS ON A HEAVY METAL …

vegetation and the factors affecting its distribution on the Burn of Sorrow mine, Scotland. The site is small and has substantial quantities of copper, lead and zinc (Proctor and Bacon, 1978). We chose analyses of soil solutions as the measure of elements that are influencing plants. It is known that soil-solution concentrations will vary with

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Vegetation and Soil Factors on a Heavy Metal Mine Spoil …

vegetation and the factors affecting its distribution on the Burn of Sorrow mine, Scotland. The site is small and has substantial quantities of copper, lead and zinc (Proctor and Bacon, 1978). We chose analyses of soil solutions as the measure of elements that are influencing plants. It is known that soil-solution concentrations will vary with

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Vegetation dynamics in Bishrampur collieries of northern ...

mining industry are not giving proper importance on producing noise maps of mines. IMPACT ON ECOLOGY a. Clearing of vegetation from vegetation from land used for quarry,dumping of overburden,construction of infrastructure. b. Deforestation when mine is situated in …

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Differences in vegetation composition and plant species ...

Differences in vegetation composition and plant species identity lead to only minor changes in soil-borne microbial communities in a former arable field ... these interactions were not specific and selective enough to lead to major impacts of vegetation composition and plant species on below-ground microbial communities. biodiversity, bacterial ...

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Appendix 2: Environmental and Social Impacts of Mining …

sensitivity of specific ecosystems to mining is examined in Box A2.1. The most obvious impact to biodiversity from mining is the removal of vegetation, which in turn alters the availability of food and shelter for wildlife. At a broader scale, mining may impact biodiversity by changing species composition and structure. For example,

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Effects of soil and topographic factors on vegetation ...

Vegetation plays an important role in improving and restoring fragile ecological environments. In the Antaibao opencast coal mine, located in a …

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(PDF) Vegetation of Reclaimed and Spontaneously …

In 2004, soil properties and the species composition of vascular plants and lichens were studied at five sites in a former zinc and lead mining region (Olkusz region, southern Poland).

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Vegetation Development on a Dated Series of …

Lead mining was begun in the region by native Americans in the late 1600s, and southwestern Wisconsin was a major lead-producing area until about 1871. Galena (PbS) is the principal lead ore. Zinc ores in the district are primarily sphalerite (ZnS) and smithsonite (ZnCO3).. Gradually zinc production surpassed that of lead, until by

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Diversity, structure and composition of vegetation in …

Diversity, structure and composition of vegetation in post-coal mining reclamation area in Sumatra, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 22: 3392-3400. The majority of coal mines are operated through an open-pit system which has a significant impact on the environment. Therefore, reclamation and revegetation activities are required to recover

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Vegetation Composition and Structure of Some …

Citation: Le Stradic S, Buisson E, Fernandes Gw (2015) Vegetation composition and structure of some Neotropical mountain grasslands in Brazil. Journal of Mountain Science 12(2). DOI: 10.1007/s11629-013-2866-3 Vegetation Composition and Structure of Some Neotropical Mountain Grasslands in Brazil

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Lead - Element information, properties and uses | Periodic ...

The Romans employed lead on a large scale, mining it mainly in Spain and Britain, and using it also for water pipes, coffins, pewter tableware, and to debase their silver coinage. While its mining declined in the Dark Ages it reappeared in …

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